The European Parliament must approve the withdrawal agreement, which is due to take place on 29 January 2020. The EU Council will then have to take a formal decision to approve the withdrawal agreement, which must also be signed by the parties. The UK will leave the EU on 31 January 2020 at 11pm UK time. However, as has already been said, the transition period means that little will change immediately. The bill was first introduced in Parliament on 21 October 2019, but expired on 6 November with the dissolution of Parliament in preparation for the December 2019 parliamentary elections. The October 2019 version of the legislation contained provisions that gave Parliament an important role in approving the government`s objectives for future relations with the EU. It would have required the government to make these targets public and to regularly report on progress. However, these provisions were removed in the revised post-election bill. It remains to be seen to what extent the new government will continue to follow the top-secret approach of Theresa May`s government or whether it will choose to be more open and accountable in its approach to negotiations (in line with its proposed approach to trade agreements with other countries – as mentioned here). The withdrawal agreement passed its third and final reading in the House of Commons on January 9, 2020 by 330 votes in and 231 against.  A number of clauses in the previous version of the act have been removed. This includes: The government presents a delegated memorandum of authority for all public bills (including hybrids) to justify the devolution of powers, usually to ministers, in the bill.
Most of these instruments are expected to come into effect on the day of release (11 p.m. on January 31, 2020). However, the withdrawal agreement postpones the entry into force of these instruments at the end of the transitional period, also known as the “spiritual completion day” (defined at 11 p.m. on December 31, 2020). As part of the English votes for English laws procedure, the spokesperson certifies bills or bills provisions that concern only England and/or England and Wales.