14 Therefore, the GFA, as a common and reciprocal redefinition of British and Irish public sovereignty over Northern Ireland, was a remarkably incomplete and unfinished constitutional process. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom and its border problem in Ireland show that the 1998 agreement did not go far enough to provide for an explicit, indisputable and constitutional (new) definition of the Dublin and London obligations as the sovereign guarantee of the agreement. www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/04/moderates-northern-ireland-good-friday-agreement/587764/. Ben Wilkie on Twitter: “Let me introduce you to Lutheran memes… 1 Since the publication of the results of the 2016 Brexit referendum and the UK government, which has begun negotiations with the EU to leave the European Union, the issue of the border between Northern Ireland and Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland has proved to be the main point of contention against London and the EU negotiating teams. More than three years after the referendum, and although Theresa May`s government has promised to find solutions to keep the Irish border as transparent and invisible as it was before Brexit, the backstop, contained in the 2018 draft between London and Michel Barnier`s team, is just a trick to push back the Irish border problem. It has not provided a solution because it lacks political support.1 The purpose of this document is to analyze the reasons that may be responsible for such a complex and complex situation. “There was no end to paramilitarism, he didn`t see the promised political stability that announced the agreement, and here we are 20 years after the agreement without a government,” he said. 2 There is a general consensus that the UK`s exit from the European Union will have a negative impact on the Irish and Northern Irish economies, as well as on cross-border trade and relations between Ireland and Northern Ireland, particularly in certain sectors that are heavily dependent on such trade, such as the agri-food sectors. However, if a general agreement has still not been reached between the political parties London, Brussels, Dublin and Northern Ireland on the status of the Irish border after Brexit, it is not only because of these potentially negative socio-economic effects. This is mainly due to the fact that the current soft border system is an integral part of a very complex constitutional and institutional order, created by the 1998 Good Friday Agreement (GFA) and ratified by two simultaneous referendums in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Therefore, it can rightly be argued that the reason the Irish border is so controversial today is because the GFA has not provided a real and consensual solution to the unwelcome question of the very status of the Irish border.
Despite 20 years of peace and a 56% majority in Northern Ireland in favour of remaining in the EU, northern Ireland`s Unionist and Nationalist nationals still do not agree on what will happen to this border. In other words, if Brexit raises several problems and debates on the Irish border issue, it is not so much the consequence of Brexit itself as a symptom of the initial weaknesses of the Good Friday Agreement (GFA). playGerry Adams describes how he knew that the 1998 peace agreement would be accepted 5 For all those who try to describe the Irish border as it is today, the exercise is very similar to the description of every European internal border. The Irish border sees and operates like any normal intra-European border through which goods, services, capital and population movements pass.2 Unlike other European borders, the current situation on the island of Ireland is not the only result of London and Dublin`s accession to the EEC/EU since 1973.