The talks, which were supposed to be power-sharing negotiations between the rebels and the Rwandan government, resulted in an agreement that favoured the Rwandan Patriotic Front because of differences within the government. The government delegation was led by opposition Foreign Minister Boniface Ngulinzira (MDR) until President Habyarimana replaced him in January 1993 with Defence Minister James Gasana (MRND).  The Arusha Agreements deprived the President of many powers and entrusted them to the transitional government. In a speech on 15 November 1992, Habyarimana called the Arusha Accords “pieces of paper” and mocked his opponents for avoiding elections. After André Guichaoua. This did not reflect opposition to the peace agreements as such: with regard to the ceasefire in which the parties agreed to a “ceasefire, the ceasefire will enter into force on 31 July 1992 at midnight (Rwanda time) ” and agreed to “complete the implementation of the mechanisms and conclusions agreed in accordance with the peace agreement, no later than 10 January 1993”. December 1993 – UNAMIR escorts the RPF battalion to Kigali as part of the implementation of the peace agreements In a cable to the Secretary of State, Ambassador Flaten writes: “… Post does not know if there is a critical mass in the military that supports the democratic transition. If peace were to happen, integration and demobilization would be the determining factors in determining whether democracy would survive in Rwanda. The Arusha Peace Agreement, also known as the Arusha Agreement, was signed in August 2000 after lengthy negotiations supported by former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere and Nelson Mandela of South Africa. It ended 12 years of civil war and cycles of massacres, including genocide, dating back to Burundi`s independence in 1960.
The war pitted Hutu rebels against successive Tutsi regimes. “For many Tutsis, control of the army was seen as crucial to their physical survival as a minority. While for the majority of Hutus, the Tutsi-dominated army was the main obstacle to the realization of their political rights,” notes Dr. Nicholas Haysom, an important member of President Mandela`s mediation team. “When President Nyerere began talks in 1998, we focused on the assassination of the first democratically elected Hutu president, Melchior Ndadaye, by Tutsi officers in 1993,” said Joseph Butiku, a member of President Nyerere`s mediation team. “At first we tried to reach agreement on the restoration of democratic institutions that had been overthrown, but over time it became clear that we needed to go further to study the fundamental nature of the conflict, and then develop ways to restructure the Burundian state in a way that responds to the causes.” The Arusha Accords were a UN-sponsored agreement between the RPF, a predominantly Tutsi rebel group, and the Rwandan government. This message deals specifically with the military power-sharing section (demobilization and reintegration) of the Arusha Agreements, which was a minor but crucial part of the broader political context in which the genocide took place. These documents highlight the inability of the international community to fully support Rwanda`s peace efforts, as well as the Rwandan government and the non-implementation of peace by the RPF. There are those who argue that Rwanda should never have tried to have both a peace process and a process of democratization, because one allowed the other to take control of the situation. Today`s publication is the seventh of a joint “#Rwanda20yrs” project, a partnership project between the archives and the museum on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the Rwandan genocide.